Yasir Qadhi – That Shirk audio and more

Posted on January 3, 2016

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Yasir Qadhi released this statement on his Facebook page in December last year:

Yasir Qadhi Facebook

The edited audio clip in question can be found here. It’s certainly been chopped up and re-arranged (the YouTube channel owner admits to this), but after listening to the whole lecture the moody version doesn’t really alter the message in Qadhi’s teachings. The main points that can be heard in the two and a half minutes long clip are:

Shirk is evil.
Jews and Christians are mushrikun.
Jihad is a means to establish tawheed on the land.
The Prophet is commanded to fight until the people say la illaha illa Allah.
The life and property of a mushrik holds no value and becomes halal for the Muslims during jihad.
The mushrikun are najis, filthy, impure and dirty – spiritually.

Below is the audio of the whole talk (over an hour long) that was used for the ‘pathetic fabrication’. The parts of the talk that were re-arranged in the edited clip are in bold in the transcription.

2:08 – 4:17

And it is on this basis, the basis of tawheed,  that Allah (SWT) has differentiated us. He did not differentiate us based upon our skin colours. Nor did he differentiate amongst us based upon our national origins or the language that we speak, rather he differentiated us based upon our iman in him or not having iman in him. (Arabic) He is the one that has created you so amongst you are kuffar and amongst you are muminun. And it is based on this same principle that Allah (SWT) has allocated our success in the Hereafter. So for those who believe (Arabic), those who have iman and do good deeds, they will have Jannah , and those who do not have iman, (Arabic) those who disbelieve in Allah (SWT), for them will be the adhab of Jahannam. And it is also this same reason, or the same principle of tawheed, which is the first obligation upon every single human being, that he bears witness and he testifies that there is no diety worthy of worship except Allah (SWT). And it is because of the same principle of tawheed that the Prophet (SAW) has been commanded to do jihad. Jihad is a means, and not a goal in and of itself. It is a means to establish tawheed on the land. (Arabic) I have been commanded to fight the people until they testify la ilaha illallah. So the whole reason why Allah (SWT) has created us, and sent the prophets, and revealed the books, and differentiated us based upon this principle, and allowed for jihad, is the basis and is the principle of tawheed. And that is why tawheed is the first commandment in the Quran, (Arabic) the first commandment as you open up the Quran. (Arabic) Oh mankind! worship your Lord who created you.

17:17 – 33:06

Are the Ahl al-Kitab mushrikun? Yes. Are the kuffar mushrikun? Are the munafiqun mushrikun? Because Allah says he’s not going to forgive shirk but he’s going to forgive anything below that. So the munafiqun, will Allah forgive them if they don’t do shirk? The kuffar, the atheists, or those that don’t do shirk and they’re kuffar, will Allah forgive them? Because Allah says in this verse he will not forgive the sin of shirk and he will forgive anything less than that to whomever he pleases. So many people they are confused, well how about the munafiqun? And how about the kuffar? And is every kafir a mushrik? And every munafiq a mushrik? Can anyone respond? Yes, every single munafiq is a mushrik. (audience) …You have to understand kufr, shirk, nifaq, the reality of these three things. We’re going to have to sidetrack a little bit because it is important. Kufr is the opposite of Islam. You’re either a Muslim or a kafir, there’s no inbetween. If you’re not a Muslim you’re a kafir. Now you could be Ahl al-Kitab, the Jews and Christians are kafirs. You could be Hindu, or a mushrik, they are kafirs. You could be atheists, they are kafirs. You could believe in a philosophy without a god, like Buddhism and other philosophies that exist, they’re still kafirs. Anything other than Islam is kufr. So kufr and Islam are black and white. If you’re not a Muslim, you’re a kafir. Now, of course we’re not saying that you have to be a perfect Muslim and there’s no such thing as a bad Muslim. Iman is also of levels. You can be a Muslim but a very evil Muslim and you could be a Muslim and have the most highest muminin on the face of this earth. But there is nothing between Islam and kufr. If you’re not a Muslim you’re a kafir. So the broadest category is that of kufr. Within kufr there is a sub category called shirk. So every single mushrik is a kafir but not every kafir is a mushrik. Within this broad circle of kufr you also have another circle called nifaq. So every single munafiq is a kafir, even though in this dunya the laws of this time will be applicable to him because we don’t know he’s a munafiq. That’s the whole point, he’s a hypocrite. So outwardly he is a Muslim in our eyes, and we will give him the rights of Islam and we will bury him like a Muslim is buried and we will pray janaza for him. But in the sight of Allah he is a kafir. Not every single kafir though is a munafiq. Once we understand this can someone explain this verse to me, Allah says he will not forgive the sin of shirk but he will forgive anything below that to whomever he wills? How about nifaq and kufr? There are types of kufr which are not shirk. For example, we seek Allah’s refuge, cursing Allah and his Messenger is kufr but it is not shirk because you have not given the rights of the Creator to the Creator here, you have not made a partner with Allah but you have committed kufr. So how can we understand this verse in light of the fact that we know that the kuffar and the mushrikun and the munafiqun, all of them will not be forgiven? Any ideas? [Audience participation] The answer is in the ayah itself. Allah does not forgive the sin of shirk but he forgives anything below that level, below the sin of shirk. The sin of kufr, and the sin of nifaq, and the sin of shirk, all of them are equivalent in that they are against Islam, the opposites of Islam. And Allah mentions the most evil type of kufr, and the most common type of kufr which is shirk, and then he says he will forgive anything below that level. So kufr and nifaq are included in this verse because they are at the evil level of shirk. You cannot have Islam and kufr, or indeed Islam and nifaq in a person’s heart at the same time. If shirk exists in a person’s heart he is not upon tawheed. If kufr exists in a person’s heart he is not upon Islam. If nifaq exists in a person’s heart he has no iman, So all of these three concepts cannot exist in the heart of a believer. Therefore Allah mentions the most common type of kufr, and the most evil type of kufr, because there is relative types of evil as well, for example, the penalty of killing one person in Islam is what? Is death. Suppose a person kills a hundred people? The penalty is still death. So you don’t look at just the penalty but the fact that he killed a hundred people is worse than killing one person, but the penalty of both is still death. Likewise shirk is one of the most evil types of kufr but that doesn’t mean that kufr is necessarily better or less evil than that. You look at it relatively between kufr and shirk, types of kufr and types of shirk, shirk is the most repugnant and the most evil type, in general. But still both of them are at the same level and that is what Allah says, he will forgive anything below that unto whomever he wills. So below the sin of shirk, which is any other type of sin that we do, but kufr and nifaq are to the level of shirk. So this is the first danger, that shirk is the one thing that Allah (SWT) will not forgive. The second danger is that shirk causes a person to remain permanently in the fire of Hell. And the follow up, the third danger is that shirk makes it haram for a person to enter Jannah. Obviously number two and three are related to each other. Number two is that if a person commits shirk and he dies in that state, the fire of Hell will permanently be his abode. And number three is that Jannah will become haram for him. Allah (SWT) says in Surah al-Maidah, Verse 72 (Arabic) “whoever does shirk with Allah, Allah has made Jannah haram for him” (Arabic) “and his abode will be in the fire of Hell.” The fourth danger of shirk is that when a person commits shirk, and he dies in a state of shirk, every single good deed that he has done will be destroyed, his salah, his zakat, his salam, his charity, his doing this, his doing that, everything will be of no use if he did shirk in his life and he did not repent from that shirk. Allah (SWT) says in Surah Az-Zumar, Verse 65 (Arabic) “Verily it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad), and to those before you,” (Arabic) “if you do shirk” (Arabic) “all of your good deeds will be in vain, (Arabic) and you will certainly be among the losers.” So no matter how much good a mushrik does, it will be of no value to him. If a person dies not accepting Islam and not believing in Islam, it doesn’t matter how many hospitals he built, how much charity he gave, how much salah and zakat and whatever he did, all of his good deeds will be in vain and useless. This is without one of the greatest dangers and evils of shirk, that one act of shirk, no matter how small it is, if a person does it, and he does not repent to Allah from that, his entire life will be in vain. His entire good deeds will go down the drain, of no use and value to him. We’ll mention one more point, the fifth point, OK we’ll mention six points. Fifth point is that the life and property of a mushrik holds no value in the state of jihad. Notice I said in the state of jihad, not at all times and places. The life and property of  a mushrik becomes halal while in a state of jihad. The Prophet (SAW) said, and we quoted the hadith before, “I have been commanded to fight the people until they say la illaha illa Allah, and when they say la illaha illa Allah” he went on, “their lives and property become protected from me” which means if they don’t say la illaha illa Allah, their lives and property are halal for the Muslims. Now realise, this is a long topic, this is only when there is an actual jihad going on, and not in this country where we are not in actual jihad with the kuffar. Those people who say that we’re allowed to take the money of the kuffar, and lie and steal and kill them here, in fact these people are like the Khawarij of old. These people are following the aqidah of the Khawarij. The Prophet (SAW) lived in Mecca thirteen years and he didn’t do these type of acts. And the Muslims for many centuries and generations they sometimes lived in places of kufr and they didn’t do these acts. Because this is not the time and place to do this. When there is an official Islamic state, and there is a Khalifah, and he calls for jihad, and the Muslim army is behind him fighting the enemy in front of him, that is when the mushrik’s life and property becomes halal. Again, only if he is fighting the Muslims, as for the women and children who are not fighting, or the old people that are worshipping in their monasteries, the Prophet (SAW) forbade them and you leave them alone, but the people that are fighting you, their life and property become halal because of their kufr. If they say la illaha illa Allah, even on the battlefield, you’re about to raise the sword to chop his head off, he says la illaha illa Allah, you have to let go of the sword. And we know this from the hadith of Usamah bin Zaid when he went into battle and he raised his sword to kill his opponent, and the opponent said la illaha illa Allah and Usama just chopped his head off anyway. So the news came to the Prophet (SAW) and he got very angry at Usama. And Usamah said ‘he was only saying it to save his life.’ So the Prophet (SAW) said (Arabic) ‘Did you open up his heart to see why? Did you open up his heart to see why he said la illaha illa Allah?‘ He kept on saying it until Usama said ‘Walahi I wish I had accepted Islam that very day.’ In other words that he would have made an excuse because of my ignorance. So one of the other dangers of shirk is that a person’s life and property become halal in a state of jihad. Make sure you write this down and don’t say that I’m saying that the life and property of a mushrik is halal for you like this. No, I’m not upon the manhaj of certain people where they say that it is allowed to take their life and property if you’re living in Dar al-Kufr. No, of course not. This is the idea of the Khawarij. Only in a state of jihad when there is Islamic Khalifah and there is actual jihad going on behind the Khalifah, now the property and life of the mushrik becomes halal for you to take. The final danger that we’ll mention of shirk, and there are of course many, many dangers, some people have compiled twenty or thirty dangers of shirk, but the final danger we will mention is that it is not even allowed for a Muslim to ask forgiveness for a mushrik. Allah (SWT) says in Surah At-Tawbah (Arabic) ‘It is not befitting, it is not possible that the Prophet and the Believers seek forgiveness for the people of shirk even if they are close relatives after it has become clear to them that they are of the people of Jahannam.’ Notice how evil shirk is that you cannot even ask Allah to forgive the mushrik once he dies in that state, even if it is your father or mother. And that is why the Prophet (SAW) was prohibited from asking Allah (SWT) forgiveness for his own parents. As in the authentic hadith of Sahih Muslim ‘I asked Allah to seek forgiveness for my mother and he refused me. I asked Allah to visit her grave and he allowed me to do so.’ The Prophet of Allah could not seek forgiveness for his own mother who carried him and gave birth to him because of shirk. Does that not tell you how evil and repugnant the sin of shirk is? That you cannot even seek forgiveness for someone who has died upon shirk even if it is a close relative. The same for Abu Talib. The Prophet (SAW) was prohibited from seeking forgiveness for Abu Talib because of his sin of shirk that he did. And that is why I point out that this is the seventh point Allah (SWT) says (Arabic) ‘the mushrikun are najis’. The mushrikun are najis. They are filthy. Najasat. They are filthy. A spiritual filthiness which can only be purified by the purity of tawheed. Allah calls the mushrikun najis, which is a very evil thing when Allah himself says the mushrikun are najis. Allah is calling them najis. They are a najasat, a filthy, impure, dirty substance. And of course it’s a spiritual najasat. This doesn’t mean that if you shake a mushrik’s hand you have go and do wudu. No, the Prophet (SAW) and the Sahaba they would intermingle with the mushriks and they didn’t wash their hands, yanni, of course it is encouraged in this country, society for various reasons to do that, but I’m saying it’s not something that is a part of our religion that we must if we touch a mushrik or something go wash them. The najasat that is referred to in this verse is a spiritual najasat and not a physical najasat. So we have talked about some of the dangers of shirk.

58:29 – 59:11

Are Christians called mushrikun? The Christians are mushrikun but they are called Ahl al-Kitab. They are called Ahl al-Kitab, that is a special category of those who do shirk. And that category has different relations and different rulings with regards to the other people. So the Christians do commit shirk. They are kuffar and they are mushrikun but there is a separate category known as Ahl al-Kitab, the People of the Book, and we are allowed to marry their women, we’re allowed to eat their sacrificed meat, we’re allowed to let them live in the Islamic state if they pay the jizya. There are certain fiqh rulings that make the Ahl al-Kitab stand apart from the other mushriks and kuffar, but that doesn’t change the fact that they are kuffar and they are mushrikun.

I haven’t looked into what the anti-Islam crowd in the US have had to say about this recording. I imagine a few of them have been accusing Qadhi of being a terrorist sympathiser. The audio above, horrid as it is, should make it clear that he isn’t.

In 2013 MuslimMatters published Qadhi’s ‘clarification and notice‘ where he said “The audio recording as it stands is a complete distortion.” Anyone who has listened to the whole recording won’t buy that.

In the next paragraph he says:

“In one section of that theological series, I discussed some of the differences between a category of shirk called ‘major’ and another called ‘minor’. One of those differences involves the fact that the theory of an ideal Islamic government would not allow Muslims to openly practice idolatry.”

That’s very tolerant of the ‘ideal Islamic government.’ Who else might be in for a rough ride under this government? Gay people and apostates wouldn’t be rushing there. Nor Pagans. Here is Qadhi in 2013:

“Now, it’s a very important point, especially in light of modern political issues where we have these groups that are destroying basically sacred sites or what not, and they use these incidents from the suwar as evidence to destroy modern sites. Now, one thing needs to be reiterated and that is that the Prophet (SAW) only did this after he had established his political authority in the land. In other words, he’s not destroying Dhul-Kaffain, he’s not destroying al-Qullus and others of these idols until he has established political authority, right? So this is after the conquest of Mecca, after the Battle of Hunayn when central Arabia is basically his completely and he’s now expanding and conquering all of Arabia. So when the political power is with the Islamic state at this point in time they might contemplate destroying the idols, the Pagan idols…”

“we have an extremism that we see in our times of these groups and they want to destroy anybody that doesn’t agree with them. And in our religion, firstly if you want to do this properly you need to have authority in the land. You need to have statehood. Our Prophet (SAW) didn’t begin his dawah by destroying the idols around the Kaaba did he? When did he destroy the idols? When he conquered Mecca.”

It’s incredible that Qadhi believes there is a ‘proper’ way for Muslims to smash idols to bits.

His clarification continues:

“What this audio clip has done is to cut-and-paste these three statements (and more) in one paragraph, and thus give an impression that since Christians practice ‘shirk’, they should not be allowed to practice Christianity, and must also be ‘filthy’. Of course, this shoddy cut-and-paste job flies in the face of Islamic teachings, and cannot be attributed to Islam or to me.

Never have I claimed that Christians need to be prevented from practicing Christianity, or that they are filthy. This is truly a preposterous claim, as even the most basic exposure to Islamic law would demonstrate that non-Muslims are allowed to worship according to their doctrines in an Islamic state.”

What Qadhi doesn’t tell the readers is that his Islamic state would prevent Christians and followers of other religions from practising their religion in public. This is from the same talk where he had it in for Pagans:

“In an ideal Islamic state you could not practice shirk publicly. So if you were of another religion, you will worship in the way you want to worship in your place of worship. And these idols that were destroyed were public idols. So there is a difference between a public icon of shirk, you have a public idol, right, versus the temples that are closed and only the people of that religion come into that temple. Historically speaking, this is how it had existed in Muslim lands, that the people of other religions they had their places of worship. Zoroastrians, from our perspective they worship fire. Now, I say this, Zoroastrians don’t agree with what I what I said, they would say we’re not worshipping fire and from their perspective they don’t consider it worship. From our perspective, when you present offerings and you bow down and you consider fire to be holy and what not, we call this ibadah. From our perspective they are worshipping, from their perspective they say they don’t worship. My point being the Islamic state allowed them to worship other than Allah in their lands but within their temples. They were not allowed to go public in this regard.”

The Ummah tolerated the beliefs of other religions as long as some conditions were met, and of those conditions is, and this is a common sense condition, don’t practice your shirk out in public, don’t have an idol in the town square and sacrifice to the idol in the town square. If you want to do something that goes against the worship of Allah’s religion that’s something in your own religion basically, then you do it in your own community not in front of others.

More from Qadhi’s clarification:

“In conclusion, my views on jihad can be heard in my lectures and read in my articles (a simple Google will show most of them).”

Offensive jihad comes up during another talk about shirk:

19:35 Another difference is that major shirk makes it permissible for the Muslim state to declare war upon the community that practices major shirk. Those who worship other than Allah, it is possible for the Muslim army, for the Muslim state, obviously not individual Muslims – we do not do anything without the state, in terms of fighting we don’t do anything without the state – when there is an established Khilafah, or a Caliphate, and there is a Muslim state then the Muslim state has the right, if it wishes, if it chooses to, to declare war upon those who commit major shirk. And therefore the life and property become permissible for the Muslims to fight.

Non-Muslims are given the chance to change religions or cough up before war is declared on them:

30:02 We don’t just kill people. We don’t just go and attack them. First we invite them to the religion of Islam. This is the first thing that we do…if they refuse then we invite them to pay jizya, in other words pay us some tax, stay upon your religion and leave us alone, leave us to do what we want to do. If they refuse that, then and only then do we fight. And even the fighting has some rules to it. But the point is the first thing you have to do is call them to tawheed. Tell them to stop worshipping their idols, stop worshipping all that they’re worshipping and worship only Allah (SWT). Once again, what is the point of this hadith? The first thing we call the people to is what? La illaha illa Allah. It’s tawheed. Even when it comes to fighting, forget about debates and talking, even when you’re doing jihad in the way of Allah, the first thing you call them to is tawheed. When you go to a group or you go to a nation, the first thing you have to send a messenger, and this is what all the Sahaba used to do, send a messenger to their king or their envoy or whoever and tell them that we are Muslims, we want to call you to accept Islam and worship Allah with us If you acccept, fine. If not then pay us your jizya. Pay us your tax and leave us alone. If you don’t even want to do this then we’re going to have to fight you. But the point is once again that you have to call them to the worship of Allah and if they accept, if they accept the call to the worship of Allah then you can not fight them at all.

The Islamic state will come to those who have iman:

11:17 Of the fruits and blessings of iman is that the Khilafah on this earth will be given to those that have iman. (Arabic) Allah has promised those that have iman and do good deeds that he will give them the Khilafah on this earth, and this is a correction for those groups that try to gain the Khilafah but they don’t have the basic knowledge of tawheed and iman. If you want the Khilafah you must go through iman and tawheed in order to achieve it.

And he doesn’t have much love going on for other religions, or their followers:

21:22 The seventh condition, and the last of these conditions is that you do it having a love for this kalima. Having a love of Allah and a love of what Allah (SWT) loves. At the same time having a hatred for everything that is worshipped besides Allah and for the people that worship those besides Allah (SWT). When you know La illaha illa Allah there is no object worthy of worship besides Allah, when Allah is your creator, he gives you everything you need, then when you see someone worshipping other than his love you have to feel angry. How can you worship something that did not create you, nor can benefit you or harm you? How can you turn your devotion to other than Allah (SWT)? You have to love tawheed and La illaha illa Allah, at the same time you have to hate all that is worshipped besides Allah (SWT).

Qadhi says:

“My message has been consistent and clear: I am a Muslim theologian and teach (and preach) the theology of Islam, but I have never called for violence against any group or religion.”

That would all change under Qadhi’s ‘ideal Islamic government’ where punishments for gays and apostates would be introduced, offensive jihad would be launched against the Shirkers, and tearing down the idols of non-believers would be sanctioned.

Standard stuff for the ‘normatives.’

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